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Celebrating 60 years of National Youth Theatre

Helen Mirren in Antony and Cleopatra in 1965 at the Old Vic, London

Since it was established 60 years ago, the National Youth Theatre has provided a launchpad for, among others, Daniel Day-Lewis, Helen Mirren, Colin Firth, Orlando Bloom, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Matt Lucas, Timothy Spall, Daniel Craig… the list of glittering alumni goes on and on.

In the summer of 1956, Michael Croft mounted an all-boys production of Henry V in the City of London’s Toynbee Hall, with a group of former pupils from Alleyn’s School in Dulwich, where he was the drama teacher.

Far from casting only sensitive, scholarly types, Croft often chose the toughest, football-playing ruffians from the playground to act as his Trojan warriors or rebellious noblemen.

Thanks to the enthusiasm of a handful of national newspaper critics at the time, Croft’s project grew, both in scope and reputation, despite protracted struggles for official recognition and funding. In 1959, he was offered a week at the Queen’s Theatre to produce Hamlet, the first amateur company ever to appear on Shaftesbury Avenue. Again, it was an all-boys cast as Croft had not yet come round to the idea of recruiting girls to his burgeoning troupe.

 Barrie Rutter in Henry V Part 1 in 1967
Barrie Rutter in Henry V Part 1 in 1967

He told me in his last interview before he died in 1986: “It was a quiet week in the West End, so the critics turned out in force, and raved about its vigour and freshness.”

Offers from producers followed and Croft soon found himself touring Europe with his starry-eyed novices.

One early recruit to the ranks was Martin Jarvis, who combined the more serious business of studying the dramatic arts at RADA with Michael Croft’s rough-and-ready approach to theatre at the NYT’s summer season.

“It was an exhilarating double life,” Jarvis recalls in his memoir Acting Strangely. “Music, movement, mime and stage technique at RADA, with gutsy verse-speaking in the holidays.”

Jarvis has vivid memories of his audition for the Youth Theatre, as it was then called – the National appellation wasn’t made official until 1961. “Michael was a bear-like man with small, piercing eyes and a pursed mouth that seemed to be permanently set in a half-smile. He was seated in the centre of a half circle of rickety metal chairs, flanked by three or four Youth Theatre members dressed in black leather jackets and motorcycle boots.”

Croft was sufficiently impressed by Jarvis to cast him as the lead in Henry V in 1960, although he was alert to any RADA-inspired affectations. “If I tried too much ‘look, move, speak’ Michael would chide me: ‘Now then, Martin, none of your RADA tricks here.’”

By 1960, Croft had started to recruit girls to his Youth Theatre, somewhat reluctantly, but he was soon won over by people such as Jane Merrow, Mary Grimes and especially Mirren who, aged 18, made an outstanding debut as Cleopatra in Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra.

The best times for Croft were what he described as “the Terson years”, beginning with the memorable Zigger Zagger (1967), about football hooliganism, which transferred to the West End. “Peter Terson was the writer I’d been looking for since we started,” Croft told me, “somebody who could write plays for kids without patronising them, someone with a keen and wise eye, and a generosity of spirit towards the more unlikeable aspects of human nature.”

Terson dedicated the playscript of Zigger Zagger to “a bully of genius”, referring to the normally affable Croft. This was a view shared by another NYT writer, Barrie Keeffe, who claimed Croft conned and cajoled him into writing the rock musical Up the Truncheon. NYT alumnus Sue Whitaker, who was involved with the company on and off for most of the 1960s, remembers him as being “an affable bear and a very good director… I don’t ever remember him getting angry with anyone in rehearsals”.

Cast of Henry V at the curtain call in 1956 at Toynbee Hall,
Cast of Henry V at the curtain call in 1956 at Toynbee Hall

Thanks to a TV deal in the mid-1960s – the BBC broadcast one production every year for six years – along with backing from the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Croft was able to set up satellite companies in Westmoreland, Manchester, Yorkshire, Tyneside, Kent and the Midlands, in association with the appropriate local authorities in each place.

Though it makes no claims to be a drama school, it has always provided a valuable induction for those wishing to pursue a career in professional theatre.

Actor Douglas Hodge, who stayed with the NYT for six summer seasons before moving on to drama school, clearly found a mentor figure in Croft. “He was really the whole reason for my becoming an actor,” he says. “He inspired me and pushed me forward.”

Similarly, Michael Pennington was spurred on by being in the company of others with a shared interest in the theatre. “It was a really sparky, energising atmosphere. We tackled things in an intensive kind of way, it was also a lot of fun.”

Though the NYT is not doing any overseas performances in this anniversary year, there have been many foreign jaunts over the years, most notably, perhaps, to the Moscow Art Theatre in 1989, when it staged TS Eliot’s Murder in the Cathedral to an enthusiastic audience of Muscovites. Afterwards at the first night party, the young company drank Georgian champagne in the company of its patron, Prince Edward.

It was a night, like so many before and since, NYT members will never forget.

The National Youth Theatre Rep Company [1] is performing at the Ambassadors Theatre, London, until November 25. 

If you’d like to read more stories from the history of entertainment, The Stage Archive [2] offers access to all back issues of the paper from 1880 to 2007 and is available from £15.