Low-paid jobs and performer “exploitation” in the entertainment industry are on the increase, claims Equity, with the union warning that the rise is being compounded by the decreasing levels of funding available to arts organisations.
The union has now reiterated calls for tougher enforcement measures to be implemented by the government to crack down on companies that avoid paying the national minimum wage.
In its submission to the Low Pay Commission’s 2014 consultation, used to make recommendations to the government, Equity has argued that the “amount of non-paid work is growing” and claimed “an ever-increasing proportion” of its members are being asked to work for nothing.
The union said a survey of its members commissioned in 2010 found that more than 69% earned “either nothing or under £10,000 a year”. Two-thirds of its members, it added, had turned down work because it did not pay enough.
Equity general secretary Christine Payne said: “Despite Equity’s success in concluding collective agreements covering our main areas of work, low pay and in some cases exploitation of workers in the sector is increasing. Partly this is to do with a decrease in funding for organisations, but there are also cultural factors and perceptions of the industry that need to be tackled.”
She added: “Low pay and no-pay work is especially noticeable in areas where some of the lowest minimum rates are already in existence, for example for background performers working in film and television.”
Payne said some companies use their charitable status as an excuse not to pay the minimum wage, and has urged the government to issue clearer sector-specific advice for the entertainment industry on the NMW.
She said advice published by the government following a recommendation by the LPC in its 2010 report had not addressed the union’s concerns, and added: “It may be necessary for the LPC to reiterate its recommendation from 2010 and urge the government to act swiftly to remedy this situation.”
Payne said performers were too scared to “enforce their rights” and that the law could be strengthened if the government allowed unions to bring employment tribunals on behalf of its members. Currently, tribunals can only be brought by individuals.
She added that the union was “very concerned” about the alleged lack of enforcement activity currently undertaken by HM Revenue and Customs.